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Wildlife

The sights and sounds of a majestic elephant, a peacock’s dance, the stride of a camel, the roar of a tiger, watching birds and animals in their natural habitats is all an experience in itself. India is home to a rich diversity of wildlife, supplemented by an equally rich variety of flora. In the 4% of its land which comprises of its dense forest cover, there are about 70 national parks and more than 400 wild life sanctuaries and protected areas. These forest areas are crucial for the conservation of endangered species like the Leopard, Lion, Asiatic Elephant, the Bengal Tiger and Siberian Crane. Spread across the length and breadth of India, these reserves and forest areas, right from the Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan to the Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary in Bihar, from the foothills of the Himalayas, the Jim Corbett National Park to six national parks in the Andamans; the Indian Wildlife Circuit is an Incredible treat, unmatched by any other experience.

The Major Wildlife Parks in India are:

     

Corbett National Park
Located in the foothills of the Himalayas is the majestic Corbett National Park. Home to a variety of flora and fauna, it is famous for its wild population of Tigers, Leopards and Elephants. Corbett National Park was established in 1936, as the Hailey National Park. India's first national park and the first sanctuary to come under Project Tiger, Corbett supports a variety of vegetation, making it the ideal habitat for the Tiger and its prey. Once a popular hunting

 
ground of the British, this 201 square mile park was named in honor of the late Jim Corbett, the legendary hunter-naturalist turned author and photographer, who spent most of his years in this area and had a major in setting up the this park.
 
 
 

 

Bandhavgarh National Park
Once a hunting reserve of the Royal family of Rewa, Bandhavgarh was declared a park in 1968. This is also the site where the fanmous of Rewa were discovered. The thick forest of Bandhavgarh National Park sits in a bowl encircled by cliffs and the wooded Vindhya Mountains. Its plains have a number of grass and reed covered wetlands, where Kingfishers dive and Egrets sit poised, hunch-backed, in the shallows.

Up above, vultures nestle in holes in the sheer cliffs. Wandering through the Bandhavgarh national park on elephant back, the chances of seeing a tiger are quite good. Among the other wild attractions are Nilgai, Chausingha, Chital, Chinkara, Wild Boar and sometimes a Fox or Jackal.

 
 
 

Kaziranga National Park
Located on the banks of the mighty Brahmaputra River in the far North East of India, Assam – Kaziranga National Park covers an area of approximately 430 sq kms. Its swamps and tall thickets of elephant grass make it the ideal habitat for the Indian One-Horned Rhino. Due to the incessant poaching of this prehistoric survivor, the Kaziranga National Park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1940.

 
     

 

Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park is famous for its Tigers and is a favorite with photographers. For a relatively small area, the park has a rich diversity of fauna and flora - species list includes 300 trees, 50 aquatic plants, 272 birds, 12 reptiles including the Marsh Crocodile and 30 mammals. This park got its name from the Ranthambhore Fort, which sits on a rocky outcrop in the heart of the Park. The fort, which dates back to the 10th

century and is probably the oldest existing fort in Rajasthan, was a vital citadel for control of Central India and particularly the Malwa plateau. For the wildlife savvy, Ranthambore wildlife sanctuary today offers an intense diversity of flora and fauna. It one of the best places in the country to observe the elusive Royal Bengal Tiger.. Apart from that one can see large numbers of Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Gazzelle, Boars, Mongoose, Indian Hare, Monitor Lizards and a large number of birds.
 

Periyar National Park
Set high in the ranges of the Western Ghats, in God’s Own Country, Kerala, is the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve. Periyar has a picturesque lake at the heart of the sanctuary. Formed with the building of a dam in 1895, this reservoir meanders around the contours of the wooded hills, providing a permanent source of water for the local wildlife. Though it is a Tiger Reserve, tourists come here to view the Indian Elephants.

 
     

 

Sundarbans
The vast swampy delta of the two great Indian rivers, the Brahamaputra and the Ganges, extends over areas comprising of mangrove forests, swamps and forest islands, all interwoven in a network of small rivers and streams. The Sundarbans National Park, home of the Royal Bengal Tiger, covering an area of approximately 1330.10-sq-kms and the largest mangrove forest in the world, forms the core of this area. The Sundarbans region has got its name from the Sundari trees, once found in abundance here.

 

Gir National Park
In the southwest of the peninsular state of Gujarat, lies the 116 square-mile Gir Sanctuary created to protect the last wild population of Lion outside the African regions.. Gir is not just about Lions – the second most commonly found predator in the Gir is the Leopard. In fact, Gir National Park is also home to one of the largest Leopard populations in any park in India. During summer, they can sometimes be seen at night close to the lodges.

 
 
     
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